How Gene Therapy Could Revolutionize Addiction Treatment


https://www.asgct.org/education for more free resources on gene and cell therapy, including progress on a number of promising treatments already in development.

Cocaine addiction is difficult to treat, but with the help of gene therapy, scientists are hoping to change that.

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Sources:
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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2994240/

https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-scope-cocaine-use-in-united-states
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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5741108/

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https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/Cocaine-from-xtal-1983-3D-balls.png
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https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/human-body-anatomy-gm470870904-62759624

5 Things Your Hair Can Tell You About Your Health



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Sources:

Dandruff:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2923939/
https://nationaleczema.org/eczema/types-of-eczema/seborrheic-dermatitis/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2923939/
https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/scaly-skin/seborrheic-dermatitis #overview

General hair loss:
http://discovermagazine.com/2002/feb/featbiology
http://jcs.biologists.org/content/119/3/391
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-4632.2005.02800.x
https://uihc.org/health-topics/traction-alopecia-type-hair-loss
https://www.aocd.org/page/telogeneffluviumha
https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/telogen-effluvium-a-to-z
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4606321/
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-540-46911-7_13
https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/androgenetic-alopecia

Patchy hair loss:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3537782/
https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/hair-and-scalp-problems/alopecia-areata
https://www.mdedge.com/dermatology/article/67306/hair-nails/alopecia-association-sexually-transmitted-disease-review
https://www.jaad.org/article/S0190-9622 (09)00518-0/fulltext
https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/alopecia-areata/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26077574

Unusual hair growth:
https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/2864/hypertrichosis-lanuginosa-acquired
https://thejns.org/view/journals/j-neurosurg/129/1/article-p48.xml
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1203475415582319
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2836432/

Thicker hair growth:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hirsutism/symptoms-causes/syc-20354935
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007 %2F978-3-319-14863-2_17
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2856356/
http://obgyn.ucla.edu/hirsutism








https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypertrichosis

If the Sun Became a Black Hole, Would Earth Fall In?


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If our sun turned into a black hole, you might think our solar system would be doomed, but in reality that's just not how black holes work.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

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Sources:

http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/86-the-universe/black-holes-and-quasars/general-questions/423-what-is-the-density-of-a-black-hole-advanced
https://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/astronomy-terms/black-hole2.htm
https://www.omnicalculator.com/physics/schwarzschild-radius
https://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/circles/Lesson-4/Mathematics-of-Satellite-Motion
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-018-0453-9.epdf
https://www.sciencealert.com/what-will-happen-after-the-sun-dies-planetary-nebula-solar-system
https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/review/dr-marc-sun/black-hole-sun.html
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Astro/blkhol.html

Images:

https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/10297
https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/12033

Agriculture May Have Changed How People Speak | SciShow News


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The development of agriculture was a huge game changer for human beings and it may have even changed the way we speak.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/363/6432/eaav3218
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https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/14/science/language-origins-agriculture.html
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/03/change-in-diet-may-have-changed-human-language-f-v-agriculture/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/kykl.12190
http://www.mapsofspeech.com/2018/12/06/feldmanns-do-linguistic-structures-affect-human-capital-rebuttal-is-better-than-suppression/
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------
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https://www.videoblocks.com/video/cheerful-women-glad-tourists-are-checking-paper-map-and-smartphone-looking-for-right-way-in-foreigh-country-talking-and-laughing-modern-technology-and-travelling-concept-h8wzzidbmjimxfwbl
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/close-up-of-womans-face-who-is-talking-to-someone-and-smiling-steadycam-shot-s0gz7uyykzj6ta0xff
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/four-different-ethnicity-friends-hanging-out-on-bridge-at-rural-areas-bcimxwblxiuueyuoz
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ajpa.10329
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File :Real-time_MRI_-_Speaking_(English).ogv
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Real-time_MRI_-_Speaking_(Chinese).ogv
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https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/maxilla-bone-with-teeth-gm1015280456-273240346
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Egyptian_Domesticated_Animals.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bakery_mills_for_grinding_grain_(catullus)_from_a_pistrinum_(bakery),_Pompeii_(14856051379).jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/vector-illustration-of-cartoon-mouth-inside-with-white-teeth-dental-hygiene-gm990639358-268496570
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/sandwich-on-bread-with-herring-potatoes-egg-onion-tasty-appetizer-with-mustard-gm993457522-269104928
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/terraced-rice-fields-gm614960950-106557709
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/young-mixed-race-group-of-people-have-a-conversation-in-modern-office-creative-team-in-small-start-up-company-h647pogjzj23x8qeo
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/students-enjoying-with-tablet-near-university-building-and-learning-english-with-papers-in-slow-motion-hgls_qjhgjclncc0p
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/farm-scene-with-fresh-corn-gm960120972-262187853

Biofluorescence: A Neon World Hidden in Plain Sight


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Lots of life on Earth can fluoresce, creating a beautiful neon world of camouflage, communication, and adaptation that is hidden from the human eye.

Hosted by: Oliva Gordon

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Sources:
https://www.cnet.com/news/scientists-spot-pink-flying-squirrels/
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=3711
https://www.thermofisher.com/us/en/home/references/molecular-probes-the-handbook/introduction-to-fluorescence-techniques.html
https://geology.com/articles/fluorescent-minerals/
“Fundamentals of Biochemistry, Life at the Molecular Level: Biology, Biochemistry” via Google Books
https://academic.oup.com/mbe/article/21/5/841/1014073
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3885428/
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https://www.nature.com/news/radiant-reefs-found-deep-in-the-red-sea-1.17840 #/b1
https://www.nature.com/news/get-the-glow-the-secret-to-deep-water-corals-radiance-1.22259
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2017.0320
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https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2014.1211 #d1073447e1
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Glowing-roaches.jpg
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Zz_Plagiomnium_undulatum_fluorescence.jpg
https://tinyurl.com/y2clpmvx

The Quantum Theory that Connects the Entire Universe


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Quantum mechanics is weird and seems a bit...complicated. But understanding it can help us to understand the universe.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6e/Solvay_conference_1927.jpg
https://journals.aps.org/pr/abstract/10.1103/PhysRev.85.166
https://journals.aps.org/pr/abstract/10.1103/PhysRev.85.180
https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/speakable-and-unspeakable-in-quantum-mechanics/E0D032E7E7EDEF4E4AD09F458F2D9DB7
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https://www.forbes.com/sites/chadorzel/2016/05/04/the-real-reasons-quantum-entanglement-doesnt-allow-faster-than-light-communication/ #6bf749a23a1e


Image Sources:
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https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/technology-cyber-electronic-concept-cpu-ram-computer-on-blue-light-background-gm921844850-253123587
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erwin_Schr %C3%B6dinger#/media/File:Erwin_Schr%C3%B6dinger_(1933).jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/cartoon-cat-skeleton-gm1030025036-275994539
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/blank-paper-or-cardboard-box-gm908742286-250321776
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/beaker-icon-illustration-gm945713856-258294240
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https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/thunderstruck-gm895010376-247361646
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/atom-gm473563236-64846583

Why Don't We Just Nuke Hurricanes?


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Hurricanes are just made up of clouds and wind moving in a certain pattern…so could we use a nuclear weapon to disrupt that wind enough to stop them?

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

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Sources:
Sources:
https://www.livescience.com/24383-can-you-stop-a-hurricane-by-nuking-it.html
http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/C5c.html
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Andrew_1992-08-23_1231Z.png

Why Is The Measles Virus So Contagious?


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You might be surprised to hear that measles is 10 times more contagious than Ebola or the plague. How do epidemiologists quantify a disease's catchiness?

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

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Sources:
Sources:
https://web.stanford.edu/ ~jhj1/teachingdocs/Jones-on-R0.pdf
https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/1/17-1901_article
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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2722564/
http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/diseases/varicella/chknpxfacts.html
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Image Sources:
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Ebola_Virus_TEM_PHIL_1832_lores.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Measles_virus.JPG
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Rotavirus_Reconstruction.jpg

6 Natural Medicines (Maybe) Used by Animals | Zoopharmacognosy


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There have been reports of animals medicating themselves to treat illnesses, but according to the research, you shouldn't go to a non-human pharmacist just yet.

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Sources:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/een.12110
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Thierry_Lefevre2/publication/236196965_Self-Medication_in_Animals/links/00b49530f14d70a90b000000/Self-Medication-in-Animals.pdf
https://sci-hub.tw/10.1002/j.2326-1951.1994.tb03752.x
http://darwin.biology.utah.edu/pubshtml/PDF-Files/17.pdf

Tiger Moth Caterpillars
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0004796
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/een.12110
https://www.jstor.org/stable/25681930?seq=1 #page_scan_tab_contents
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2009/03/20/self-medicating-caterpillars-use-toxic-plants-to-kill-parasites/

Fruit Flies
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3760715/
https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822 (12)00075-9?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982212000759%3Fshowall%3Dtrue
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16023239
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2012/02/20/flies-drink-alcohol-to-medicate-themselves-against-wasp-infections/

Chimps and Aspilia
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Huffman/publication/225938467_Self-induced_Increase_of_Gut_Motility_and_the_Control_of_Parasitic_Infections_in_Wild_Chimpanzees/links/02bfe50e77c3300bd0000000/Self-induced-Increase-of-Gut-Motility-and-the-Control-of-Parasitic-Infections-in-Wild-Chimpanzees.pdf
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg15120442-500-science-clean-sweep-for-leaf-eating-chimps/

Colobus and Charcoal
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https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs +hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+831

Orangutans
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-16621-w

Elephants and Seringa
http://westerlymsscience.pbworks.com/f/Really +Wild+Remedies-Medicinal+Plant+Use+by+Animals+-+National+Zoo+FONZ.pdf
https://io9.gizmodo.com/elephants-might-be-able-to-self-medicate-to-induce-labo-1611904103
https://asknature.org/strategy/eating-bark-to-induce-labor/ #.XEo5-i3MyfU
------
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http://tinyurl.com/y4l845kj
http://tinyurl.com/y46zjhhw
http://tinyurl.com/y39qy9fz
http://tinyurl.com/y4f56e6v
http://tinyurl.com/y3cmhhfr
http://tinyurl.com/y2smvzok
http://tinyurl.com/yxl5olrf
http://tinyurl.com/y292o4qe
http://tinyurl.com/y3gm92zb
http://tinyurl.com/y4vfluvd
http://tinyurl.com/yxw64tcu
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Red_Colobus_7.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Mango_tree_Kerala_in_full_bloom.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :INDIAN_ALMOND_TREE.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Foliage_of_Terminalia_catappa_(Indian_almond)_at_Tenneti_Park_04.JPG
http://tinyurl.com/y22pv92a
http://tinyurl.com/y5sxy9cq
http://tinyurl.com/y6rc4h2d
http://tinyurl.com/y28uslvp
http://tinyurl.com/y4dfykbh
http://tinyurl.com/yy4vmpvv
http://tinyurl.com/y3uea29d
http://tinyurl.com/yxu693s5
http://tinyurl.com/y5kn37my
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File :Burkea_africana03.jpg
http://tinyurl.com/y5y92yt2
http://tinyurl.com/yy8a7yuo
http://tinyurl.com/y2zum432
http://tinyurl.com/y65fabu4

Colorfully Camouflaging Cuttlefish Are Colorblind


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Sources:
https://www.pnas.org/content/108/22/9148.short
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-05/mbl-hca051611.php
https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/cephalopod-camouflage-cells-and-organs-of-the-144048968
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283874370_Rapid_adaptive_camouflage_in_cephalopods
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2016.00618/full
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https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2015/05/20/octopuses-and-maybe-squid-can-sense-light-with-their-skin/
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23931980-200-the-colour-blind-octopus-that-mastered-the-art-of-disguise/
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/07/how-colorblind-cuttlefish-may-see-living-color
https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/cephalopod-camouflage-cells-and-organs-of-the-144048968
https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/07/01/1524578113.abstract
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3eb7/80b34de0b065f8ceda970e9a6cb6cadfd0c7.pdf

Image Sources:
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Cuttlefish_(207800093).jpeg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/cuttlefish-macro-gm624114724-109657047
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/right-eye-of-pharaoh-cuttlefish-sepia-pharaonis-north-sulawesi-indonesia-gm95632634-11532590
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/octopus-hand-drawing-vintage-engraving-illustration-on-white-backgroud-gm917546706-252421915
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Chromatic_aberration_(comparison).jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/portrait-of-squid-in-dark-ocean-gm108176437-4495080
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/pharao-cuttlefish-mating-on-a-coral-reef-gm1023347630-274666141

Ketamine Gets Controversial FDA Approval for Depression Treatment | SciShow News



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Sources:

Ketamine:
https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm632761.htm
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/05/health/depression-treatment-ketamine-fda.html?module=inline
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/08/health/depression-drugs-ketamine.html
https://www.livescience.com/64937-ketamine-nasal-spray-depression.html
https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/major-depression.shtml
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24789696
https://www.nature.com/articles/tp201733
https://www.bap.org.uk/pdfs/Veterinary_use_of_ketamine_KC.pdf
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0004867416631828
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4961540/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4424898/
http://www.janssenlabels.com/package-insert/product-monograph/prescribing-information/SPRAVATO-pi.pdf
Ultrasound:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08721-0
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08750-9
http://jem.rupress.org/content/jem/209/6/1057.full.pdf
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03690466?term=NCT03690466& ;amp;rank=1

Images:

https://www.videoblocks.com/video/ultrasonic-diagnostic-procedure-m9-d7fv
https://www.bartleby.com/107/illus793.html
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/human-brain-and-vagus-nerve-stimulation-vns-image-illustration-gm656606914-119663989
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bear_2_transport_day_ultrasound_2_(28050537879).jpg

The Truth About That Fish That Climbs Into Urethras



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Sources:
https://academic.oup.com/jtm/article/20/2/119/1881714
https://www.jstor.org/stable/2387969?seq=1 #page_scan_tab_contents
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023 %2FA%3A1011081027565
http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160104-does-the-candiru-fish-really-eat-human-penises
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https://bioone.org/journals/copeia/volume-2003/issue-2/0045-8511 (2003)003%5b0419%3aBR%5d2.0.CO%3b2/Candiru-Life-and-Legend-of-the-Bloodsucking-Catfishes/10.1643/0045-8511(2003)003[0419:BR]2.0.CO;2.pdf
https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Vandellia_cirrhosa/
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http://discovermagazine.com/2014/julyaug/18-body-of-work
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https://books.google.com/books?id=G03t9cWFRSsC& ;amp;pg=PA276&lpg=PA276&dq=candiru+width&source=bl&ots=vLcOYVNG6P&sig=ACfU3U09sULdjJS3dEHAPOspI9C1ZZboaQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjkkdO39ZXgAhVDx1QKHX7ZBL44ChDoATAJegQIABAB#v=onepage&q&f=false
----------
Images:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Vandellia.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Encontro_das_%C3%81guas_-_Manaus.jpg

Invasive Plants & Restoration Ecology | SciShow Talk Show



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Why Smoking Makes It Harder to Heal



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Sources:

http://www.shieldhealthcare.com/community/wound/2015/12/18/how-wounds-heal-the-4-main-phases-of-wound-healing/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1524-475X.2010.00569.x
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4495737/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4241583/
https://advancedtissue.com/2017/03/smoking-negatively-impacts-wound-healing/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1323208
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19660042
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14700008
http://www.jaypeejournals.com/eJournals/ShowText.aspx?ID=10753& ;amp;Type=FREE&TYP=TOP&IN=_eJournals/images/JPLOGO.gif&IID=826&isPDF=YES
https://www.amjmed.com/article/0002-9343 (92)90623-J/fulltext
https://www.uwhealth.org/healthfacts/burn/6150.pdf

Is Alkaline Water Really Better For You?



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Sources: